(CNN)Canada observed its archetypal nationalist vacation honoring victims and survivors of the country's residential schoolhouse system.
The statutory vacation came a time aft a national tribunal upheld a 2016 ruling ordering the Canadian authorities to compensate Indigenous children who were placed into foster care. Thursday's National Day for Truth and Reconciliation and the tribunal determination item the past of favoritism and harm toward First Nations communities.
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau said the vacation recognizes the "harms, injustices, and intergenerational trauma that Indigenous peoples person faced -- and proceed to look -- due to the fact that of the residential schoolhouse system, systemic racism, and the favoritism that persists successful our society."
"We indispensable each larn astir the past and bequest of residential schools," helium said successful a statement. "It's lone by facing these hard truths, and righting these wrongs, that we tin determination guardant unneurotic toward a much positive, fair, and amended future."
Thousands of mostly indigenous children were separated from their families and forced to be residential schools betwixt the 19th period and the 1990s. At slightest 150,000 Indigenous children from crossed the state were impacted, Trudeau said connected Thursday.
In 2019, Trudeau said helium and his authorities accepted the harm inflicted connected indigenous peoples successful Canada amounted to genocide, saying astatine the clip that the authorities would determination guardant to "end this ongoing tragedy."
Estimates bespeak that much than 4,000 children died portion astatine residential schools implicit a play of respective decades, Canada's Truth and Reconciliation Commission said successful a 2015 study detailing the bequest of the residential schoolhouse system.
The study elaborate decades of physical, intersexual and affectional maltreatment suffered by children successful authorities and church-run institutions.
Earlier this year, hundreds of Indigenous children's remains were recovered astatine respective sites, prompting calls from accountability from advocates and Indigenous radical crossed the country.
Governor General of Canada Mary May Simon said Thursday that Canada's "real past has been laid bare."
"These are uncomfortable truths, and often hard to accept. But the information besides unites america arsenic a nation, brings america unneurotic to dispel choler and despair, and clasp justice, harmony and spot instead," said Simon, who is the first Indigenous idiosyncratic successful her role.
Last week, the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops apologized for its relation successful the residential schoolhouse strategy and expressed "profound remorse."
"We admit the sedate abuses that were committed by immoderate members of our Catholic community; physical, psychological, emotional, spiritual, cultural, and sexual," the enactment said successful a statement. "We besides sorrowfully admit the humanities and ongoing trauma and the bequest of suffering and challenges faced by Indigenous Peoples that proceed to this day."
Indigenous advocates had been calling for a ceremonial apology from the Catholic Church and the Pope.
The enactment said those requests person been heard and a delegation of Indigenous survivors, elders and younker is scheduled to conscionable Pope Francis successful Rome successful December.
Court backs ruling ordering compensation
Tens of thousands of First Nations children who were removed from their homes and placed into payment whitethorn soon person compensation pursuing a tribunal ruling connected Wednesday.
In 2007, the Caring Society and the Assembly of First Nations filed a quality rights ailment alleging that Canada was discriminating against First Nations children and families who unrecorded connected reserve by underfunding the transportation of kid and household services. That signifier resulted successful galore of the children entering foster care, they argued.
After years of litigation and hearings, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal ordered the national authorities successful 2019 to wage children, parents, oregon grandparents 40,000 Canadian dollars (about $31,000) each, according to tribunal records. They could person $20,000 for symptom and suffering and $20,000 for discriminatory practices.
Children who entered foster attraction earlier January 1, 2006, and remained successful attraction until astatine slightest that day could beryllium eligible for the compensation, tribunal documents show.
While it's unclear however galore radical whitethorn beryllium compensated, the Assembly of First Nations has antecedently estimated that arsenic galore arsenic 54,000 could benefit.
The nationalist authorities challenged the determination but Canada's Federal Court dismissed it and upheld the erstwhile ruling connected Wednesday.
"It is not successful quality that First Nations inhabit a unsocial presumption wrong Canada's law ineligible structure. Further, nary 1 tin earnestly uncertainty that First Nations radical are amongst the astir disadvantaged and marginalized members of Canadian society," Justice Paul Favel wrote successful his decision.
CNN has reached retired to the Caring Society for comment. The Assembly of First Nations described the determination arsenic "monumental" and 1 that affirms that Indigenous children and their families merit justice.
"This is justness successful enactment for First Nations children and families, however, thing tin regenerate the childhoods and connections to languages, lands and loved ones stolen by Canada's discrimination. We person repeatedly made a tenable and just petition that Canada halt warring our kids successful tribunal not lone for the involvement of information and reconciliation but besides for the healing way forward," said RoseAnne Archibald, nationalist main for the Assembly of First Nations, successful a statement.
CNN's Paula Newton and Max Foster contributed to this report.